The main law governing unfair competition, monopolies and other anti-trust issues in Kazakhstan is the Law of 25 December 2008 "On Competition". The Competition Law deals with issues related to the supporting of entrepreneurship through the prevention, restriction, suppression, and regulation of monopoly activities and grants an extensive range of powers to the Antimonopoly Agency, to prevent abuse of monopolistic or dominant market positions.
A number of laws and regulations are in effect concerning patents, trademarks and copyrights, although the overall concept of intellectual property is relatively new in Kazakhstan. Therefore, enforcement of intellectual property rights may still be problematic. Nevertheless, note must be taken of the speed with which Kazakhstan’s lawmakers and the State Patent Agency (Kazpatent) have successfully drafted and adopted numerous laws in this area. Moreover, Kazakhstan is a signatory of the major international conventions, governing intellectual property.