Overall, around three-quarters of Kazakhstan's exports are intermediate goods and rawmaterials, while finished goods constitute a small part. About half of the finished goods consumed within Kazakhstan are imported. Kazakhstan's exports principally consist of:
73.8% mineral products;
16% metals, of which more than one-quarter are copper andcopper products;
and the remaining 19.8% divided among grain, machinery, consumergoods and others.
Most of the exports from Kazakhstan are to Russia, theCommonwealth of Independent States, the European Union, and China.
The largest importers tend to be Russia, Germany, China, the United States and theEuropean Union, with machinery and equipment representing a significant portion of theimports.